A site called contaminated is a designated zone of land that could potentially damage the health of people, animals and the environment. Sites that are nominated as contaminated may also have substantial usage/planning, regulatory and trade matters to consider. Because of the risk of the many potential effects on environmental, social and financial values, an awareness of contamination of land and ways to counter it have emerged in significance throughout Australia.
A growing number of organisations, and most notably local, state and federal governments have increased availability of information on the short and long-term influence of land deemed contaminated. In time, this has led to more action in robust environmental guidelines for re-claiming contaminated land sites. Notably we are now guided by multi-layered rules governing the utilisation and bioremediation of land contamination.
Adding complexity to the matter, there are a list of problems linked with site contaminations. Among these are toxicity of soil, possible contamination of surrounding sites, and combinations of contaminants on site. A fair degree of prudence are to be taken for the appraisal, site planning and the reclamation for affected sites to assist responsibly remove the contaminants.
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